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What is R Programming Language? Introduction & Basics

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R is a programming language developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman in 1993. R possesses an extensive catalog of statistical and graphical methods. It includes machine learning algorithm, linear regression, time series, statistical inference to name a few. Most of the R libraries are written in R, but for heavy computational task, C, C++ and Fortran codes are preferred.

R is not only entrusted by academic, but many large companies also use R programming language, including Uber, Google, Airbnb, Facebook and so on.

Data analysis with R is done in a series of steps; programming, transforming, discovering, modeling and communicate the results

Program: R is a clear and accessible programming tool

Transform: R is made up of a collection of libraries designed specifically for data science

Discover: Investigate the data, refine your hypothesis and analyze them

Model: R provides a wide array of tools to capture the right model for your data

Communicate: Integrate codes, graphs, and outputs to a report with R Markdown or build Shiny apps to share with the world