Some of the Basic Git Commands are summarized in the below table -
Used to start a new repository.
git config -
git config –global user.name “[name]”
git config –global user.email “[email address]”
This helps to set the username and email to whom the commits belong to.
git clone <repository path>
Used to create a local copy of an existing repository.
git add -
git add <file names separated by commas>
git add .
Used to add one or more files to the staging area.
git commit -
git commit -a
git commit -m “<add commit message>”
Creates a snapshot or records of the file(s) that are in the staging area.
git diff -
git diff [first branch] [second branch]
git diff -staged
Used to show differences between the two mentioned branches/differences made in the files in the staging area vs current version.
Lists out all the files that are to be committed.
git rm <file name(s)>
Used to delete a file(s) from the current working directory and also stages it.
git show <commit>
Shows the content changes and metadata of the mentioned commit.
git branch -
git branch [branch name]
git branch -d [branch name]
The first one creates a brand new branch.
The second is used to delete the mentioned branch.
The last one lists out all the branches available and also highlights the branch we are in currently.