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What are the advantages and disadvantages of object cloning?

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Advantage of Object Cloning

You don't need to write lengthy and repetitive codes. Just use an abstract class with a 4- or 5-line long clone() method.

It is the easiest and most efficient way of copying objects, especially if we are applying it to an already developed or an old project. Just define a parent class, implement Cloneable in it, provide the definition of the clone() method and the task will be done.

Clone() is the fastest way to copy the array.

Disadvantage of Object Cloning

To use the Object.clone() method, we have to change many syntaxes to our code, like implementing a Cloneable interface, defining the clone() method and handling CloneNotSupportedException, and finally, calling Object.clone(), etc.

We have to implement the Cloneable interface while it does not have any methods in it. We have to use it to tell the JVM that we can perform a clone() on our object.

Object.clone() is protected, so we have to provide our own clone() and indirectly call Object.clone() from it.

Object.clone() does not invoke any constructor, so we do not have any control over object construction.

If you want to write a clone method in a child class, then all of its superclasses should define the clone() method in them or inherit it from another parent class. Otherwise, the super.clone() chain will fail.

Object.clone() supports only shallow copying, but we will need to override it if we need deep cloning.

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