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in Design Patterns by
Q:
Q.  What is Inversion of Control in Design Pattern?

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Inversion of control is a broad term but for a software developer it's most commonly described as a pattern used for decoupling components and layers in the system.

For example, say your application has a text editor component and you want to provide spell checking. Your standard code would look something like this:

public class TextEditor {

    private SpellChecker checker;

    public TextEditor() {
        this.checker = new SpellChecker();
    }
}

What we've done here creates a dependency between the TextEditor and the SpellChecker. In an IoC scenario we would instead do something like this:

public class TextEditor {

    private IocSpellChecker checker;

    public TextEditor(IocSpellChecker checker) {
        this.checker = checker;
    }
}

You have inverted control by handing the responsibility of instantiating the spell checker from the TextEditor class to the caller.

SpellChecker sc = new SpellChecker; // dependency
TextEditor textEditor = new TextEditor(sc);

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