R is a programming language developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman in 1993. R possesses an extensive catalog of statistical and graphical methods. It includes machine learning algorithm, linear regression, time series, statistical inference to name a few. Most of the R libraries are written in R, but for heavy computational task, C, C++ and Fortran codes are preferred.
R is not only entrusted by academic, but many large companies also use R programming language, including Uber, Google, Airbnb, Facebook and so on.
Data analysis with R is done in a series of steps; programming, transforming, discovering, modeling and communicate the results
Program: R is a clear and accessible programming tool
Transform: R is made up of a collection of libraries designed specifically for data science
Discover: Investigate the data, refine your hypothesis and analyze them
Model: R provides a wide array of tools to capture the right model for your data
Communicate: Integrate codes, graphs, and outputs to a report with R Markdown or build Shiny apps to share with the world