A cylindrical tank, filled with water, has an area of 10m^2. A piston covers its entire top surface. A uniformly distributed load of 1000N is applied on the piston from top. A hole of area 0.001m^2is at the bottom of the tank. Find the speed of efflux when the height of water level is 0.1m . (a) 24.5m/s (b) 1.48m/s (c) 0.2m/s (d) 2m/s

Right choice is (b) 1.48m/s The explanation: We should apply Bernoulli theorem between the top surface of water and the hole. The area of hole is very small when compared to the area of the tank. So, 1/2ρv^2 at the top surface of the tank can be neglected. P0 + F/AP + ρgh = P0 + 1/2ρv^2 ∴ 1000/10 + 1000*10*0.1 = 0.5*1000 *v^2 ∴ v = 1.48m/s