How to Check If Number is Even or Odd without using Modulus or Remainder Operator

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Q:

How to Check If Number is Even or Odd without using Modulus or Remainder Operator

Write a Java program to find if a number is odd or even is one of the basic programming exercises, and anyone will be happy to see this in actual Java Interviews, wouldn't you? By the way, did I said easy, well there is a little twist there, you need to check odd and even without using modulus (%) or remainder operator in Java. Since many programmers, especially freshers are familiar with % operators, this nice little trick does put them into thinking mode, which is what the interviewer wants. This question is on a similar level of checking if a number is a palindrome or not if you have practiced such questions, it would be easy to find a solution.

Even or Odd using division operator

Checking Even or Odd Number in Java without remainder or modulus operator

Division operator in Java returns quotient, if we first divide a number by two and then multiply result which is quotient to two, we will get a number which is always less in case of odd number and always equal in case of even number. By using this property you can check if a number is odd or even :

int quotient = number/2;

if(quotient*2== number){

System.out.println("Even number");

}

1. Odd or Even checking using bitwise AND operator

Another way to solve this problem without using modulus operator is, by using bitwise AND operator. Since integer numbers are represented as 2's complement and even number has 0 as there LSB, if we perform a bitwise AND between 1 and number, result will be zero. This would be enough to check if a number is even or odd in Java.

if((number & 1) == 0){

System.out.println("Even number");

}

Here is a complete Java program to test if number is even or odd without using modulus operators. This program uses both the approach e.g. using division and bitwise operator to identify if a number is odd or even.

/**

* Java program to check if a number is even or odd without using modulus or remainder

* operator. This examples uses bitwise AND and division operator to check evenness.

*

* @author Javin Paul

*/

public class EvenOrOdd {

public static void main(String args[]) {

//Testing, let's test both methods for positive and negative integers

System.out.println("Checking if a number is even or odd using

division and bitwise operator");

for(int i= -1; i&lt;2; i++){

isEvenOrOdd(i); //calling division operator method

isOddOrEven(i); //calling

}

}

/*

* checking even and odd number without using modulus or remainder operator, Instead

* this method uses division operator.

*/

public static void isEvenOrOdd(int number){

int quotient = number/2;

if(quotient*2== number){

System.out.println("Using division operator: "  + number + " is Even number");

}else{

System.out.println("Using division operator: "  + number  + " is Odd number");

}

}

/*

* This method uses bitwise AND (&) operator to check if a number is

* even or odd in Java

*/

public static void isOddOrEven(int number){

if((number & 1) == 0){

System.out.println("Using bitwise operator: "  + number  + " is Even number");

}else{

System.out.println("Using bitwise operator: "  + number  + " is Odd number");

}

}

}

Output:

Checking if a number is even or odd using division and bitwise operator

Using division operator: -1 is Odd number

Using bitwise operator: -1 is Odd number

Using division operator: 0 is Even number

Using bitwise operator: 0 is Even number

Using division operator: 1 is Odd number

Using bitwise operator: 1 is Odd number

That's all on How to find if an integer is even or odd in Java, without using modulus or remainder operator. The interviewer may twist this question more, by not allowing you to either use a bitwise operator or division operator, that's why it's better to know different alternatives to solve a problem, even if you think that a trivial programming exercise.

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