Arduino UNO board
The Arduino UNO is a standard board of Arduino. Arduino UNO is based on an ATmega328P Microcontroller. It is easy to use compared to other boards, such as the Arduino Mega board, etc. The components on the Arduino board are ATmega328P Microcontroller, ICSP pin, power LED indicator, Digital I/O pins, Analog pins, AREF pin, 16 MHz crystal oscillator, GND pins, Vin pin, voltage regulator, Tx and Rx LED, USB, and a reset button.
it is shown below:
Unit: 1 (400 points)
A breadboard is defined as a rectangular shape board, which is made of plastic. It has tiny holes on it that are used to insert the wires of the electronic components, such as LED, resistor, etc.
It does not require any soldering to attach the electronic components to the board. We need to join the components using wire to allow electricity to move from one component to another.
Bright white LED
LED stands for Light Emitting Diode, which is defined as a semiconductor light source. The bright white LED produces the white light, while other white lights produce a yellow hue.
When electrons combine with holes in the semiconductor, energy is released in the form of photons, which produces light.
The Green LED (Light Emitting Diode) produces the green light when electricity is passed through its terminals. The process is called electroluminescence.
The Red LED produces the red light when electricity is passed through its terminals.
The Yellow LED produces the yellow light when electricity is passed through its terminals.
The Blue LED produces blue light when electricity is passed through its terminals.
The RGB LED uses the combination of three colors (Red, Green, and Blue) to produce the light. The millions of hue of lights can be created from the combination of these three universal colors.
The colors are generated by adjusting the brightness of each of the three colors by using the PWM pin.
The LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is a digital display, which gives information in the form of letters or numbers. It is the basic component in a kit.
The configuration of the LCD display can vary from 16 x 2, 40 x 4, and 8 x 1.
Here, 8 x 1 signifies 8 characters in a row.
Wooden base that can be easily assembled
The wooden base is a compatible base that is used to assemble the Arduino board and Breadboard on its base.
Solid core jump wires
These are the most common wires used in the Breadboard. The wires vary in different lengths and colors. These wires are cheap and come in the form of the spool. We need to cut the wire according to the required length.
Stranded Jump wires of RED color
The stranded jump wires have solid tips.
The RED color stranded jump wire is shown below:
Stranded Jump wires of BLACK color
The BLACK color stranded jump wire is shown below:
It is a standard-sized battery used for different purposes. A polarized snap is connected at the top of the rectangle-shaped battery.