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What’s the difference between @Component, @Controller, @Repository & @Service annotations in Spring?

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@Component is used to indicate that a class is a component. These classes are used for auto-detection and configured as bean when annotation based configurations are used.

@Controller is a specific type of component, used in MVC applications and mostly used with RequestMapping annotation.

@Repository annotation is used to indicate that a component is used as repository and a mechanism to store/retrieve/search data. We can apply this annotation with DAO pattern implementation classes.

@Service is used to indicate that a class is a Service. Usually, the business facade classes that provide some services are annotated with this.

We can use any of the above annotations for a class for auto-detection but different types are provided so that you can easily distinguish the purpose of the annotated classes.

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